Michele Martinho, MD -  - Internist

Michele Martinho, MD

Internist located in New York, NY

Thyroid conditions are more common than many believe and affect an estimated 20 million Americans. For men and women in Gramercy, New York City, Dr. Michele Martinho is a valued resource for diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the thyroid. In fact, many wouldn’t consider entrusting their care to any other physician. If you’re concerned about your thyroid, schedule an appointment today. You can call the office to check availability, or book your visit using the convenient online scheduling tool.

Thyroid Q & A

Michele Martinho, MD

What is my thyroid and what does it do?

Your thyroid is a gland that sits in the front of your neck. It’s shaped like a butterfly, and has two distinct lobes joined by a central section of tissue, and wraps around your trachea.

Your thyroid creates hormones essential to multiple metabolic processes. Those hormones are produced based on a complex feedback pattern between your thyroid and brain. If anything disrupts those communications, various medical issues can occur.

What are some common thyroid disorders?

There are several different types of thyroid issues and each affects your body in unique ways.


This condition occurs when your thyroid doesn’t make enough thyroid hormone. It’s marked by fatigue, poor concentration, muscle aches, depression, and fluid retention.


This condition occurs when your thyroid makes too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms include rapid heart rate, unintentional weight loss, heavy sweating, and tremors.


A goiter occurs when your thyroid becomes enlarged. It can occur with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or even in the absence of any thyroid issue.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are abnormal lumps or masses in your thyroid. They can occur if you have cysts, tumors, or even thyroid cancer.

Getting to the source of your thyroid problems is the first step in finding relief.

How are thyroid problems diagnosed?

Dr. Michele Martinho has several diagnostic tools to help determine the source of your symptoms. Blood tests are one option and can identify antibodies that suggest a thyroid problem. Imaging tests like ultrasound can also be helpful.

Some imaging uses medical dyes to highlight areas of concern, and fine needle biopsy can rule out or indicate cancer. Once you know the source of your thyroid symptoms you can begin a treatment plan.

What treatments can help with thyroid issues?

Dr. Martinho creates a customized treatment plan to fit your specific needs. That path might include medication to regulate hormone production or supplement insufficient hormone levels.

If medication isn’t effective, a procedure called radioactive ablation can destroy areas of tissue that are creating issues. Surgery is another option. Some surgical approaches remove only a portion of your thyroid, but in some cases, the entire gland must be removed.  If that occurs, you’ll need to take a synthetic thyroid hormone to remain healthy.

To learn more about your thyroid health, schedule a visit with Dr. Martinho as soon as possible.



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