IBS Specialist

Michele Martinho, MD -  - Internist

Michele Martinho, MD

Internists located in Gramercy Park, New York, NY

Nearly 1.6 million Americans who are affected by inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS) struggle with symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Dr. Michele Martinho effectively diagnoses and treats different forms of IBD at her Gramercy, New York City office. Without treatment, IBS can go from inconvenient to life-threatening quickly. If you notice symptoms associated with IBS, don’t hesitate to call or use the online booking tool today to set up a time to come in.


Michele Martinho, MD

What is inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS)?

IBS refers to several conditions that affect the health and function of your digestive tract. Forms of IBS are characterized by the chronic inflammation of your digestive tract and can be extremely debilitating. In some cases, they can even be life-threatening.

Here are two of the most common types of IBS:

Crohn's disease

This form of IBS often begins with the inflammation of your digestive tract lining, which then typically spreads deeper into the affected tissues.

Ulcerative colitis

This condition causes sores, or ulcers, in and around the lining of your large intestine and rectum.

What causes IBS?

Even though the exact cause of inflammatory bowel disease isn’t known, some believe diet and stress are contributing factors. But even that is up for debate. There are certain risk factors that have been tied to IBS, including:


Most cases of IBS occur in people under 30; although some develop the disease in their later years.

Race or ethnicity

The risk for IBS in Caucasians is higher than with most other racial groups. That risk is amplified if you're of Ashkenazi Jewish descent.

Smoking cigarettes

Smoking the most significant controllable risk factor for developing Crohn's disease.

Certain medications

These include a variety of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, including ibuprofen (Advil®, MOTRIN® IB, etc.), naproxen sodium (Aleve®), diclofenac sodium (Voltaren) and others.

What are the common signs and symptoms of IBS?

The most common signs to look out for are:

  • Blood in your stool
  • Cramping
  • Decreased appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

Symptoms of IBS can vary widely, from mild to severe, depending on the specifics of your condition.

How is IBS diagnosed and treated?

To properly diagnose IBS, Dr. Michele Martinho discusses your symptoms with you and performs screenings, such as blood tests and imaging procedures, including X-rays or computerized tomography (CT) scans over your abdominal area.

The goal of treating IBS is to bring down the inflammation in your digestive tract that is triggering your symptoms. Treatment typically involves either medical therapy or surgery. Diet modifications may also be a part of your recovery.

Dr. Martinho may prescribe and help you manage your IBM with use of medications like antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, or immune system suppressors. If drug therapy, in addition to diet and lifestyle changes, doesn’t help, Dr. Martinho may recommend surgery for either ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

If you suspect you have IBS, call or use the online booking tool today to schedule an appointment.



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