High Blood Pressure

Michele Martinho, MD -  - Internist

Michele Martinho, MD

Internist located in New York, NY

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 75 million Americans, meaning one in three adults, are living with high blood pressure. As an internist in Gramercy, New York City, Dr. Michele Martinho understands the impact that high blood pressure can have on your overall health and wellness. She offers comprehensive hypertension prevention, screening, and treatment, and can help you lower your blood pressure to a healthier level. Book an appointment today, either online or by phone, to get started on a path toward better health.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

Michele Martinho, MD

What is high blood pressure?

Each and every time your heart beats pressure is placed against the walls of your arteries. Your blood pressure reading is recorded as the pressure placed on those walls during each beat (systolic) and in the brief resting phase between heartbeats (diastolic).

Blood pressure is measured using millimeters of mercury, or mmHg. A normal blood pressure reading is a systolic measure less than 120 mmHg and a diastolic measure less than 80 mmHg. You’re considered at risk if your measurements fall within 120-139 mmHg (systolic) and 80-89 mmHg (diastolic). High blood pressure is any measure that exceeds 140 mmHg (systolic) and 90 mmHg (diastolic).

What are the risks associated with high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension, and places you at risk of many serious health problems, including:

  • Heart disease or failure
  • Stroke
  • Vision loss
  • Kidney disease or failure
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Angina (chest pain)

One of the most important things to understand about hypertension is that it often shows no clear signs or symptoms. That’s why it’s critical to schedule routine physical examinations to monitor your blood pressure and take steps to address high levels before a serious medical problem develops.

Am I at risk of developing high blood pressure?

Anyone can experience hypertension, but some men and women are at an elevated risk. Risk factors include:

  • A family history of high blood pressure
  • Age
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Overweight or obese
  • High alcohol consumption
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Stress

Understanding your risk level helps you make wise decisions on how to manage your health and stay on top of your blood pressure.

What are some treatments for high blood pressure?

Dr. Michele Martinho creates a customized treatment plan for you. If your blood pressure is borderline, you may be able to lower your numbers through lifestyle modification. Improving your diet, getting more exercise, quitting smoking, and finding ways to reduce stress can all have a big impact on your blood pressure.

Medications might also play a role in managing your blood pressure. Drug options include diuretics, beta blockers, alpha blockers, calcium channel blockers, central agonists, vasodilators, and more.

Dr. Martinho understands the benefits and risks associated with each type of hypertension medication and can help you find the balance that’s right for you. To learn more, book a visit with Dr. Martinho today.



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